Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 7-12
Quality of Life (QoL) of People with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) in Western Greece
Ioannis-Alexandros Tzanos, Rehabilitation Department, University of Patras, Patras, Greece
Athanasios Kyriakides, Rehabilitation Department, University of Patras, Patras, Greece
Evgenia Gkintoni, Psychology Department, University Hospital of Patras, Patras, Greece
Elias Panagiotopoulos, Rehabilitation Department, University of Patras, Patras, Greece
Received: Jun. 24, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 15, 2019;       Published: Jul. 31, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.rs.20190401.12      View  162      Downloads  35
Abstract
Community living individuals with SCI face major health-related QoL challenges, especially in countries such as Greece, due to the lack of infrastructure and support networks. The aim of this study is to evaluate QoL of people with SCI who have already completed the rehabilitation program and live in the geographic area of Western Greece and to identify the clinical and demographic factors that affect QoL in this population. Thirty-six individuals with SCI living in Western Greece participated in this study. We used World Health Organization Quality of Life BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire to estimate their QoL levels. Additional data were collected by clinical measurements and a demographic questionnaire. The mean age of the sample was 45.1±9.8 years, the mean time since injury was 13.1±11.7 years and 89% of the participants were male. The mean values of QoL parameters ranged from 56.6±16.6 up to 100 (physical health) to 67.7±18.1 up to 100 (environment). Lower education level (p = 0.035) and married life (p = 0.006) are associated with higher QoL levels regarding environment and social relationships respectively. Additionally, as time since injury passes, the aspect of Qol that is related with social relationships improves (p = 0.04). The study documents relatively high rates of QoL in the population of individuals with SCI in Western Greece. Married life, low educational level and long time post injury are determinants of high QoL levels in this population.
Keywords
Spinal Cord Injury, Quality of Life, Physical Activity, Pressure Ulcers, Urinary Incontinence
To cite this article
Ioannis-Alexandros Tzanos, Athanasios Kyriakides, Evgenia Gkintoni, Elias Panagiotopoulos, Quality of Life (QoL) of People with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) in Western Greece, Rehabilitation Science. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 7-12. doi: 10.11648/j.rs.20190401.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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